There are so many reasons why people buy candles; some, for spiritual reasons, why others buy to gain sight. Whatever might be your reason to buy a candle, learning to produce candle is arguably a handy skill. Today, I will be teaching you simple steps to produce quality candle.
Candle making is a craft as old as civilization itself, yet after so many millennia and technological advances, we still love the light, warmth, and beauty of a lit candle. Aside from making some extra cash by producing candles; you can also impress your loved ones with your new skill of candle production.
Quickly, let me talk a bit about the major component in making a candle, which is wax. A wax is obviously the heart of the candle. There are three primary types to choose from in the candle-making world. Let’s take a quick look at each:
- Paraffin. The traditional wax used in candle-making for hundreds of years, and is still the most popular ingredient for candles on the shelves today. It’s cheap, and you can easily add colors and scents. The primary concern with paraffin is its potentially toxic nature. Paraffin is a petroleum byproduct, which automatically gives it a bad name for some folks.
- Soy. The newcomer on the block, and becoming more and more popular. It was created in the ’90s when the “natural” movement started to gain steam. It’s generally made with soybean oil, but also sometimes blended with paraffin and other waxes (palm, bees, etc.). It also easily accepts colors and scents.
- Beeswax. The oldest candle-making ingredient; in fact, beeswax candles have been found in the great pyramids of Egypt. As the name implies, it’s produced by bees, and is a byproduct of the honey-making process. This is because it has a natural golden color, as well as a subtle, sweet scent. It’s obviously a completely natural product, but you won’t be able to add other fragrances to it very effectively; the natural scent will interfere with any that you try to artificially add. However, it’s also the most expensive option.
Note: It is important to note that a Candle Wax can either be Paraffin Wax, Soy or Beeswax.
Although, you only three basic raw materials needed for candle production, they include:
- Candle wax: this is the chief component of candle production and it is sold in large pellets.
- Stearic acid, a colourless, odourless waxy crystalline fatty acid usually sourced from animal tallow and vegetable oils. It is used in the manufacture of candles, cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, medicines, etc., with the chemical formula – C18H36O2.
- Thread (wick): this is the thread like component of the candle which enables it to be lit.
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Materials Needed To Make Quality Candle
- Paraffin wax —————————- 1 slab
- Stearic Acid —————————– 1 kg
- Paraffin Oil —————————– 1 Liter
- Color ———————————— 200 worth
- Perfume ——————————– As desired (Optional)
Step By Step Guide On How To Produce Quality Candle
Step 1: Put 1 slab of wax into a pot
Step 2: Add 1/2 of stearic acid
Step 3: Add 1 liter of paraffin oil
Step 4: Add 1 tablespoonful of color, and perfume
Step 5: Put the pot on fire
Step 6: Make sure the mixture melt properly (Be careful not to overheat the mixture)
Step 7: Pour the melted mixture into molds (with thread inserted)
Step 8: Allow to solidify for about an hour
Step 9: Now, remove the candle from the molds
Step 10: Package for sale